A PSA test is a blood analyze that analyzes the amount of prostate specific antigen or PSA in the bloodstream. PSA is a type of protein produced by the actual prostate gland. Although a small amount of PSA frequently occurs among men, the level increases as you get older. An elevated higher level of PSA does not automatically mean you may have prostate cancer. It could indicate a number of health anomalies:
- An enlarged prostate
- Infection with the prostate
- Urine infection
- Prostate cancer
After the test, your doctors determines the factors that could be elevating the particular PSA level in the blood.
How PSA can be Measured?
The level of PSA in the blood vessels is measured in nanograms for PSA per milliliter of circulation or NG/ML. The level of PSA per milliliter can range from 1 that will 100.
For individuals aged 60 to 59, the PSA is viewed high if it’s 3ng/ml or higher. If you are aged 60 to Sixty nine, the PSA level is considered higher if it’s 4ng/ml or higher. Eventually for individuals aged 70 as well as over, the PSA level is considered large if it’s 5ng/ml or higher
The Attributes of a PSA Test
Early Detection of Cancer
Early sensors is critical in treating cancer. If it’s detected and treated early on, the disease may not progress in the least. This raises the survival rate with prostate cancer.
Monitoring the Disease
A slow-growing prostate cancer won’t require treatment. Through a PSA examine, you and your doctor can track the progress of the disease. Your doctor can adjust the treatment in line with your condition and its side-effects.
Cuts the Risk of Men’s prostate Cancer
Through testing, you can spot every changes in your PSA level. From edinburgh, you can discuss various choices to minimize the risk of cancer. Again, you can find instances wherein an elevated PSA doesn’t mean you have prostate cancer. In fact, 76% in men with a raised PSA level don’t suffer from prostate cancer. But a PSA test may help treat the condition that boosts PSA level in the blood.
The Disadvantages on the PSA Test
If say, you have raised PSA level, you’ll have to go through several other medical tests to determine the cause of the anomaly. One example is, you will be asked to get a biopsy. And also a biopsy carries some risks, such as infection and pain.
It’s Never 100% Accurate
Yes, PSA test is not 100% accurate. 2% of guys who took PSA tests been inflicted by prostate cancer even if their PSA levels is normal.
Lengthy Treatment for Slow-Growing Prostate Cancer
Being informed you have slow-growing prostate cancer will affect your life. You’ll have to go through treatments which could shorten your life or cause other health problems. The fact is, so long as the cancer is not aggressive (slow-growing) you won’t need to get treatment.
What to Expect Once the Test
If you have normal PSA level, virtually no action is needed. However, you should take another test sometime soon. If it’s slightly raised, you almost certainly don’t have cancer. But again, you’ll want to take the test several times later on.
A raised PSA level could be a signal of cancer. You’ll have to see a specialist for further testing. Your doctor may perform a DRE, an examination of the prostate related. If the gland feels typical, then you don’t have prostate cancer.