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Opisthotonos is a type of severe form of hyperextension, the place that the patient’s head and backside enters a complete arching or connecting position. This condition is a result of strong muscle spasms. Usually, opisthotonos takes place when the nervous system is not fully developed. That way, this condition is common among babies and toddlers. However, there are cases once opisthotonos occurs in adult patients however, this is a very rare case.

Signs in addition to Symptoms of Opisthotonos

Opisthotonos is characterized by intense arching of the back, with the pumps and head bent for an extreme angle. The hands and hands move in a good stiff manner due to jerks. The intensity and frequency of the muscle spasms will vary.

Some in the symptoms of opisthotonos can cause serious health problems that’s why it’s best to take the person to the hospital if he or she shown the following symptoms:

  • High fever
  • Confusion
  • Persistent crying
  • Meningitis
  • Extreme sleepiness
  • Nausea
  • Trouble breathing
  • Convulsions
  • Blue lips together with fingernails
  • Rapid breathing

Other symptoms, such as sensitivity that will light, vision problems, muscle group soreness and decreased alertness could be signs of subarachnoid hemorrhages. Subarachnoid hemorrhages are additional complications following an opisthotonos episode. Designed for opisthotonos triggered by tetanus infection, the outward symptoms include stiff neck in addition to jaw, abdominal pains and also difficulty in swallowing.

Causes connected with Opisthotonos

Serious health problems are often the cause of opisthotonos. The following are the possible causes of this condition:

Brain Infection

Meningitis can cause severe muscle spasms. This condition occurs when the brain membranes and the spinal-cord become infected with bacteria or maybe viruses. The spasms could be the body’s way of eliminating the particular pathogens that affect the meninges.

Arnold-Chiari predicament is a condition that has an effect on the back of the brain. It’s observed as a fluids pooling inside the mind. This condition is common among youngsters and usually causes severe muscle spasms as well.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage is another potential cause of opisthotonos. This is caused by hemorrhage between the brain and the tissues from an injury such as some sort of aneurysm, or bleeding disorders.


Tetanus is certainly caused by a bacteria that expands in animal feces and the soil. The bacteria enter into the body through a wound. However treatable, tetanus can be fatal concerning people who are not vaccinated.

Adrenergic Bronchodilator Overdose

An overdose of asthma attack inhalers and bronchitis medications can result in opisthotonos too. When the patient let’s air through too much medication, the muscles groups start contracting violently.

Opisthotonos Treatments

The therapy will depend largely on the hidden cause of the condition. For opisthotonos initiated by brain disorders, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics or pain relievers to keep the aggravation down. For opisthotonos triggered by just Arnold-Chiari syndrome and hydrocephalus, corrective surgical procedures are required to ease severe muscle spasms.

For those afflicted with brain lose blood, the blood will be depleted to reduce the pressure in the human brain. As for those suffering from tetanus, there are treatments that can relieve the symptoms and forestall bacteria from spreading. As a final point, for opisthotonos triggered by bronchodilator overdose, the affected person will be given lots of fluids that will dull the medication and also flush it from the technique.



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